Posted on September 16, by Scott Alexander I. It takes a special sort of person to be a cardiologist. This is not always a good thing.
Organizations[ edit ] Historians have formed scores of scholarly organizations, which typically hold annual conferences where scholarly papers are presented, and which publish scholarly journals.
In addition, every state and many localities have their own historical societies, focused on their own histories and sources. Founded init promotes historical studies covering all continents and time periods, the teaching of history, and the preservation of and access to historical materials. It publishes The American Historical Review five times a year, with scholarly articles and book reviews.
Formerly known as the Mississippi Valley Historical Association, its membership comprises college and university professors, as well as graduate students, independent historians, archivists, museum curators, and other public historians.
It now chiefly specializes in the history of the South. In it elected its first black president, John Hope Franklin. The Western History Association formed in to bring together both professional scholars and amateur writers dealing with the West.
Dozens of other organizations deal in specialized topics, such as the Society for Military History and the Social Science History Association.
Pre [ edit ] During the colonial era, there were a handful of serious scholars—most of them men of affairs who wrote about their own colony. Marshall wrote a well-received four-volume of biography of George Washington that was far more than a biography, and covered the political and military history of the Revolutionary Era.
Marshall emphasized Washington's virtue and military prowess. Historians have complimented his highly accurate detail, but note that Marshall—like many early historians—relied heavily on the Annual Register, edited by Edmund Burke.
She emphasized the dangers to republicanism emanating from Britain, and called for the subordination of passion to reason, and the subsuming of private selfishness in the general public good. Trained as a physician, he was a moderate Federalist in politics.
Messer examines the transition in Ramsay's republican perspective from his History of the American Revolution and his biography of Washington to his more conservative History of the United States 3 vol.
A conservative, he warned of the dangers of zealotry and the need to preserve existing institutions. O'Brien says Ramsay's History of the American Revolution was one of the earliest and most successful histories.
It located American values within the European Enlightenment. Ramsay had no brief for what later was known as American exceptionalismholding that the destiny of the new nation United States would be congruent with European political and cultural development.
His six-volume History of the United States —52 was dry and heavily factual—he rarely made a mistake in terms of names, dates, events and speeches. His Federalist views and dry style lost market share to George Bancroft's more exuberant and democratic tomes.
Hildreth explicitly favored the Federalist Party and denigrated the Jeffersonians. He was an active political commentator and leading anti-slavery intellectual, so President Lincoln gave him a choice diplomatic assignment in Europe.
His masterwork started appearing inand he constantly revised it in numerous editions. Billias argues Bancroft played on four recurring themes to explain how America developed its unique values: The idea of "progress" indicated that through continuous reform a better society was possible.Police Brutality In the recent years, the problem of police brutality and excessive use of force has been on the rise especially in the United States.
In spite of the benefits brought by the presence of the local police in the communities, their relationship with the minority groups has always led to violent engagements. Website note! Honsik uses Wiesenthal's real name 'Szymon Wizenthal' throughout this document. I have changed a number of instances to the alias 'Simon Wiesenthal', just to accomodate the search engines.
A good friend and coworker, when he was a teenager, had the police called on him by his mother when she found his napalm stash. A former boss of mine apparently has a few of his seized creations on display at the local ATF headquarters.
OK, let's say you're still writing that movie, which is Very Loosely Based on a True attheheels.com've chosen a period of history that involves a lot of exciting fight scenes and explosions so your audience won't fall asleep and now you need some main characters.
In addition, there is a perception that victims of police brutality often belong to relatively powerless groups, such as minorities, the disabled, and the poor.
A study in three large cities found that police brutality was "far from rare", and that the most likely victim was a "lower-class" man of either race.
Policing has seen much progress. Some reforms do work, and some types of abuse have been reduced. Today, among both police officials and rank and file officers, it is widely recognized that police brutality hinders good law attheheels.com fight police abuse effectively, you must have realistic expectations.