The new version of the clause committed Labour to a balance of market and public ownership and to balance creation of wealth with social justice. Indeed, he was the first Labour leader to win a general election since Harold Wilson in There was a clear majority supporting devolution in Scotland and a narrower majority in Wales—Scotland received a stronger degree of devolution than Wales. The Labour government passed laws in to establish a Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assemblythe first elections for these were held in
Social authoritarianism Despite Jack Straw's protestations that the government is 'not about lecturing people about how they should live their lives', the use of the state to influence and shape people's behaviour runs like a thread throughout New Labour's family and welfare policy.
In one breath it seems to accept social reality, stating quite rightly that families have changed and that the government couldn't turn the clock back even if it wanted to do so. In the next, it argues the case for promoting and strengthening marriage as the 'surest' and 'most stable' way of raising children.
Jack Straw goes out of his way to stress that the government doesn't want to stigmatise lone parents and other family groupings. Since the uproar over cuts to lone parent benefits last December the government have had to tread far more cautiously.
Tory anti-lone parent propaganda has clearly had less effect than many ministers assumed. Eighty per cent disagreed that couples living together can't bring up children as well as married couples. So why, when promoting one particular type of family implies that alternative arrangements are inferior, are New Labour insisting that marriage is best?
Their propaganda may be more subtle than that of the Tories, but the consequences are similar: Gays and lesbians will continue to be stigmatised and discriminated against. New Labour's confusion reflects underlying contradictions within capitalism, in particular the dual role of the family.
For most people families are about personal relationships.
But the family is also an institution which capitalism has relied upon for economic reasons and in order to maintain social stability and control.
Historically, the ruling class have promoted - through legislation and ideology - the 'bourgeois', patriarchal family where wife and children were economically dependent on, and under the control and authority of, a male head of household.
While the husband worked outside the home the main role of the wife was to run the household and raise the next generation. This was the family arrangement of the capitalist class themselves, which suited their need to accumulate and inherit wealth. As the ruling class, they then attempted to impose this family form on the rest of society, although not without difficulties.
Not all working class families, of course, matched this 'norm', with many married women continuing, for economic reasons, to work outside the home.
Nevertheless by the second half of the 19th century this became the 'ideal' family to which all classes were expected to conform. Social changes over the last 30 years have had a significant impact on how people form their personal relationships.
Cohabitation has increased tenfold in 25 years. Two in five marriages end in divorce. Three million children are living in one-parent families. One of the most important social changes over the past few decades has been the number of women going out to work.
The number of working mothers with children under five has doubled since Consequently, women's attitudes have shifted significantly, undermining traditional ideas of patriarchal control and economic dependency.
One of the consequences of women's increased economic independence has been a rise in the number of divorces. Clearly this isn't the only cause of marital breakdown.
Many social factors interrelate. Poverty, insecurity and the stresses and strains of life in general under capitalism take their toll on personal relationships. And people just change and want to move on. But seven out of ten divorces are initiated by women.an ideology of ‘traditional family values’ and to non-interference in family life.
They were also determined to cut the costs of state expenditure, to encourage self-help and independence from the State and to cut crime. In (New Labour and Family Policy. New Labour and Family Policy. New Labour's communitarianisms Abstract different policy implications.
New Labour thinking is of ten associated with the work of Amitai alternative forms of family and child-centred education. Conservative values may include hierarchy and authority, national culture, the domest ic.
New Labour wanted to restore what it considered to be traditional family values through policy and legislation, yet with the emphasis being different from the emphasis of the Thatcher government in rhetoric if not in substance (Jones, , p.
2). Apr 24, · “Family values” talk mobilizes voters. It identifies an enemy — which most likely is the progression of time — that allows citizens to channel frustration about the state of today’s world.
Parts of New Labour's political philosophy linked crime with social exclusion and pursued policies to encourage partnerships between social and police authorities to lower crime rates whereas other areas of New Labour's policy maintained a . New Labour and Family Policy New Labour was in power from between – There are three things you need to know about New Labour’s Social Policies towards the family.