History[ edit ] It has been proposed that there is a particular link between creativity and mental illness e. Since there are many different categories, this means that individuals can completely excel in one subject and know an average, or below average, amount of information about others. In the Aristotelian tradition, conversely, genius was viewed from a physiological standpoint, and it was believed that the same human quality was perhaps responsible for both extraordinary achievement and melancholy.
Diagnosis[ change change source ] The ICD is used around the world to diagnose people with illnesses like depression. According to the ICD, for a person to be diagnosed with depression, their symptoms have to last for at least two weeks.
The symptoms must happen every day, or almost every day. These symptoms also have to cause problems in a person's life like their work life, family life, social life, or other important parts of their life. Instead, they see it as simply being sad. Since it is not understood, many people criticize people with depression for not helping themselves.
Depression is one of the mental illnesses that can cause a person to have suicidal thoughts. This section does not have any sources. You can help Wikipedia by finding good sources, and adding them. September It is impossible to get an exact number of how many people have depression.
There are many reasons for this.
People may not admit to having depression, because of the stigma about depression Some people may not be correctly diagnosed with depression Different doctors and mental health workers may diagnose depression differently The number of people diagnosed with depression is different in different cultures, and among men and women In different cultures[ change change source ] Major depression is one of the most common mental illnesses in the United States.
This is about 6. Prince found virtually no depression in most Asian and African countries. However, psychologists such as Zhang and Kleinman have found disorders with similar symptoms, but different names. For example, in the s, Zhang found that in China, there was little mention of depression.
However, instead, a disorder called Neurasthenia was far more common. While the term "depression" was practically unheard of in China, Neurasthenia could well have been a similar disorder — or the same thing. It is also important to take in different cultures' ways of classifying depression.
For example, in China, many people believe doctors solve physical symptoms, not mental problems. This may have made it more likely for "depression" to be diagnosed as a medical condition like "Neurasthenia.
However, men are often more likely than women to die by suicide. Children who are depressed may have a loss of appetitemeaning that they do not want to eat.
They may also be clearly having more trouble in everyday life than before. For example, they may have sleep problems like nightmares ; new problems with behaviour or grades at school ; or be more irritable than usual. September Major depressive disorder is also referred to as major, biochemical, clinical, endogenous, or biological depression.
It may also be called unipolar affective disorder. There are many subtypes of depression: Melancholiaor melancholic depression, is very severe bad. It can cause many physical changes, like sleep and appetite changes.
It can also cause a person to change their behavior - for example, by not wanting to be around other people. Psychotic depression is much like melancholia, but with hallucinations or delusions. Atypical depression causes anxiety and panic attacks.
Chronic dysthymic disorder is a long-term, mild depression that lasts for at least two years. It often begins in adolescence and lasts for many years.
Seasonal affective disorder SAD is when the depression seems to be related to the winter season.Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
Mental Health America is a leader in mental health support, recovery and advocacy. Depression, also known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression, is one of the most common mental disorders in the United States.
according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Understanding Depression. Depression affects different people in different ways, but most of them experience some combination of the.
The first historical understanding of depression was thus that depression was a spiritual (or mental) illness rather than a physical one. Ancient Greeks and Romans were divided in their thinking about the causes of melancholia. Here you'll find in-depth mental health information including care, and various mental health conditions.
Living With Mental Illness. Depression and Mental Illnesses Understanding.
Understanding Mental Illness Mental illnesses can take many forms, just as physical illnesses do. Mental illnesses are still feared and misunderstood by many people, but the fear will disappear as people learn more about them.