But whether you are reading this in February or July, the topic of love can be equally charged and confusing. So, what is love? Love is not any of the gifts, activities or behaviors that companies market to you. It is not the act of contorting yourself, your beliefs or your desires to please someone else…anyone else.
For ordering information, please click here. Caligula Empire of Augustus and Tiberius Gaius Caesar was born on the last day of August in 12 CE, and as the youngest son of the popular Germanicus he was affectionately called Caligula for the military boots he wore as a child among the soldiers on the Rhine.
After his father died, he was adopted by Emperor Tiberius. Although his two brothers and mother were killed, Caligula managed to survive by joining in the perversions of the Emperor at Capri for six years. Tiberius predicted that Caligula would mean his own death and universal ruin, saying he was nursing a viper in Rome's bosom.
According to Suetonius Caligula seduced Ennia Naevia, the wife of praetorian prefect Macro, who helped him stay alive and alter the will of Tiberius, supplanting Tiberius Gemellus, grandson of Tiberius.
When Caligula entered Rome, a mob made him absolute ruler. Caligula stopped treason trials, recalled political exiles, allowed suppressed works to be published, abolished the sales tax, doubled bounty rates Tiberius had promised praetorian cohorts, provided games and spectacles, and was greeted with enthusiasm after the reclusive years of his predecessor.
For several months Caligula gave his personal attention to governing before he suffered a serious illness. At first Romans were delighted with Caligula's recovery; but then his behavior became monstrous for its atrocities according to historians such as Suetonius. He was elected consul and chose his uncle Claudius as his companion consul.
Caligula transferred elections from the Senate to the people and moved the imperial mint to Rome. He had killed or drove to suicide many prominent Romans including Tiberius Gemellus and Macro.
As his profligate spending used up funds, he revived treason trials to take money from the wealthy and imposed new taxes. He immediately accepted the honors and titles Augustus had taken decades to reluctantly acquire.
Caligula slept with all three of his sisters, treating Drusilla like a wife. When she died in 38 CE, he had her declared a goddess; during mourning he made it a capital crime to laugh, dine, or bathe with relatives. With imperial power his irrational behavior had few boundaries, as his peculiar whims no matter how cruel were obeyed out of fear.
He often quoted Accius that he did not mind being hated as long as he was feared. He doted on actors, gladiators, and wives he desired.
He used senators' wives and boys in a palace brothel to raise money. Many were killed for their money, and older citizens he called relatives in order to inherit their property.
His greed was such that he enjoyed wallowing in large piles of gold. Caligula forced many men to compete as gladiators alone and in groups and in doing so was not bound by the usual laws.
The appearance of democracy soon gave way to tyranny as he abolished the elections. In 39 Caligula went to Germany to punish a suspected conspiracy by executing the commander of the upper Rhine legions, Gaetulicus, and a possible heir apparent, Lepidus; he sent his sisters Agrippina and Livilla into exile.
After claiming to have fought Germans, Caligula entered Gaul to expropriate more money. At Lyons he auctioned imperial property at outrageous prices and sponsored a contest in Latin and Greek rhetoric with humiliating punishments for the losers.
Instead of crossing over to Britain, Caligula ordered his soldiers to pick up seashells, possibly a currency in some countries. He pretended to have made great conquests but in fact had only accepted the surrender of Adminius, who had been banished by his father, the British king Cymbeline.
Caligula established the kingdoms of Lesser Armenia, Pontus, and part of Thrace for the three sons of Cotys he had been raised with at Rome. His removal of the Armenian king allowed the Parthians to take over there.
Caligula gave the tetrarchies of Philip and Herod Antipas to his friend Herod Agrippa, who persuaded him to change the plans about his statue in the Jerusalem temple. After ordering Mauretanian king Ptolemy to kill himself, his army was resisted in trying to annex that kingdom.
Caligula's megalomania aiming at his deification offended Jews, whom he therefore hated. After Jews had pulled down an altar Greeks had erected to him in Jamnia of Palestine and after the pogrom against Jews in Alexandria, Caligula ordered a statue of himself be built and installed in the temple at Jerusalem.
When his governor Petronius balked at this, he ordered him to commit suicide; but news of Caligula's death arrived before that message.
According to Suetonius more than once he closed the granaries and let people go hungry. People who gathered at the Circus to protest Caligula's misrule were killed by soldiers.
As his crimes increased, Caligula considered murdering the most distinguished senators and moving the capital to Antium or Alexandria. Since he appeared to be sick both physically and mentally, conspiracies against him increased. In 41 two officers of his praetorian guard killed him; his wife Caesonia, whom he had married after she bore him a daughter, was also killed along with the child.
Claudius While the Senate debated whether to restore the republic, the praetorian guard made Claudius Emperor, encouraged by his promise of 15, sesterces for each guard. The Senate confirmed Claudius as princeps.Ishmael notes the various signs of death, including the gravestones, the name of his previous innkeeper (Peter Coffin), and the gallows imagery, as if performing a .
Rhetorical Analysis Abraham Lincoln’s “Second Inaugural Address” and Emily Dickinson’s “Success is Counted Sweet,” are two inspirational pieces of art that fall under two different types of discourses.
The “Second Inaugural Address,” is a great example and definition of what Rhetoric is. Excerpts Call me Ishmael. Some years ago -- never mind how long precisely -- having little or no money in my purse, and nothing particular to interest me on shore, I thought I would sail about a little and see the watery part of the world.
|Roman Decadence by Sanderson Beck||Sarah comments on God causing her to laugh Gen|
|Why Protestantism has no “visible catholic Church”||The Prophetic Gift in Operation Introduction Before the entrance of sin, God communicated with human beings directly through face-to-face contact and personal fellowship.|
|Enter the Bible - Books: Genesis||Many theologians cite passages from Galatians to establish that the so-called "Mosaic Law" i.|
|Conclusion||Books with an X: Paul LarsenU.|
Similar to Socrates, Ishmael uses rhetorical strategies, such as asking guiding questions and storytelling, to engage his pupil and help him discover various truths. Ishmael's key subject is captivity. The theme of captivity is initially revealed through Ishmael's life story.
GALATIANS - WAS PAUL TEACHING AGAINST THE LAW? P aul's letter to the Galatians is the Scripture most often used to try and prove that YHVH's Law has been done away. Many theologians cite passages from Galatians to establish that the so-called "Mosaic Law" (i.e., Torah) given at Mount Sinai has no validity for "new covenant" believers.
But is this position correct?
When I was eleven-years-old, Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, two American-born Jews, were sent to the electric chair after they were found guilty of stealing the secret of the atomic bomb and then.