Read this comprehensive essay about the the process of modernisation in India! Indian society was described as traditional society till the first quarter of the twentieth century. Social structure, social institutions, social interaction and behaviour were all based upon social values.
Europeanization[ edit ] From s onward, Europeanization and colonialism spread gradually over much of the world and controlled different regions during this five centuries long period, colonizing or subjecting the majority of the globe.
The two World Wars weakened the European powers to such extent that many people in the colonies strove for independence, often inspired by nationalistic movements.
A period of decolonization started. At the end of the s, most colonies were autonomous. Those new states often adopted some aspects India towards westernization modernization Western politics such as a constitution, while frequently reacting against Western culture.
Tanzimat and Russian Colonialism General reactions to Westernization can include fundamentalismprotectionism or embrace to varying degrees. Countries such as Korea and China attempted to adopt a system of isolationism but have ultimately juxtaposed parts of Western culture into their own, often adding original and unique social influences, as exemplified by the introduction of over 1, locations of the traditionally Western fast-food chain McDonald's into China.
As examined by author Bonnie Adrian, Taiwanese bridal photos of today provide a striking contrast to past accepted norms, contemporary couples often displaying great physical affection and, at times, placed in typically Western settings to augment the modernity, in comparison to the historically prominent relationship, often stoic and distant, exhibited between bride and groom.
In Koreathe first contact with Westernization was during the Chosun Dynastyin 17th century.
Every year, the emperor would dispatch few envoy ambassadors to China and while they were staying in Beijing, the Western missionaries were there.
Through the missionaries, Korean ambassadors were able to adopt the Western technology and culture. In 19th century, Korea started to send ambassadors to the foreign countries, other than Japan and China. After Commodore Perry's visit, Japan began to deliberately accept Western culture to the point of hiring Westerners to teach Western customs and traditions to the Japanese starting in the Meiji era.
Many Japanese politicians have since also encouraged the Westernization of Japan using the term Datsu-A Ronwhich means the argument for "leaving Asia" or "Good-bye Asia". In Datsu-A Ron, "Westernization" was described as an "unavoidable" but "fruitful" change. After Japan's surrender to the United States and its allies ended World War IIthe Westernization process of Japanese culture was further intensified and today, Japan is notably among the most Westernized countries in Asia.
The Ottoman Empire began to change itself according to western science, practice and culture.
The Empire took some innovations from the West. Also, by the contribution of foreign engineers the Empire repaired its old arm systems. Newly-found schools, permanent ambassadors, and privy councils were essential improvement for the Empire. All these reformations had good impact at the point of collapse.
Also, the innovation brought from European countries shaped the Empire as a nation run along modern lines.
As a result, Turkey is one of the most Westernized majority-Muslim nations. An example of Westernization: Meiji periodJapanPrince Yorihito Higashifushimi in typical Western naval dress uniform with white gloves, epaulettesmedals and hat.
Another example of Westernization: Globalization s—present [ edit ] Westernization is often regarded as a part of the ongoing process of globalization. This theory proposes that Western thought has led to globalisation, and that globalisation propagates Western culture, leading to a cycle of Westernization.
On top of largely Western government systems such as democracy and constitutionmany Western technologies and customs like music, clothing and cars have been introduced across various parts of the world and copied and created in traditionally non-Western countries.
However, Westernization has been also reversed in some countries following wars or changes in regime, for example: China excluding Taiwan afterSouth Vietnam after Communist takeover inAfghanistan after the Soviet invasion and Iran after the revolution.Westernization started attracting the Indian citizens towards it like a magnet.
Call it an easy way to earn money or to compete with the rest of the world or to imitate the other nations or for other purposes, but anywhere it was taking us away from our culture at a slow pace.
It is also a change that has taken place in India to a large extent. It involves adoption of different life styles, cultural ways, working styles, and even the behavioral patterns of the western .
The economy was simple and economic productivity above subsistence was relatively low. India was an agrarian society. The vast majority of India’s population lived in isolated villages and tribal communities. We may now discuss the process of modernisation in India and .
After reading this article you will learn about: 1.
Emergence of Modernization 2. The Theme of Modernization 3. Studying Modernization in India 4. An Overview of the Literature 5. Social Anthropological Perspectives 6. Tradition-Identified Perspectives 7. Synthetic Overviews 8.
Social-PsychologicaI Perspectives 9. Other Disciplines and Perspectives India Towards Westernization Modernization. India is changing rapidly.
From last years it has accepted many different trends and systems of the western countries. Often people might hear each other saying India is under the westernization impact or you are getting modern.
The term modernization and westernization are confused with each other. But in fact both are different. Majority of families, individuals and youth are showing a keen interests in western life styles (dressing, housing, outings and partying etc) and attitudes (professionalism and individualism).
People most of the times tend to believe modernization and westernization .