Footnotes or endnotes acknowledge which parts of their paper reference particular sources.
Sample Citations The following examples illustrate the notes and bibliography system. Sample notes show full citations followed by shortened citations for the same sources.
Sample bibliography entries follow the notes. For more details and many more examples, see chapter 14 of The Chicago Manual of Style. For examples of the same citations using the author-date system, follow the Author-Date link above.
|MLA Format Examples||Rehnquist, The Supreme Court:|
|Notes and Bibliography or Author-Date?||Chicago Style Format Introduction Over the years, writing has been an important method of passing information from one person to the next all over the world. The integrity of a write-up is more often than not measured by the existence of sources of information that should be cited accordingly.|
|Chicago Manual Footnotes||When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.|
Penguin Press,— Smith, Swing Time, Grazer and Fishman, Curious Mind, Bibliography entries in alphabetical order Grazer, Brian, and Charles Fishman. The Secret to a Bigger Life.
For many more examples, covering virtually every type of book, see Chapter or other part of an edited book In a note, cite specific pages.
In the bibliography, include the page range for the chapter or part. Graywolf Press,— Bibliography entry Thoreau, Henry David. In some cases, you may want to cite the collection as a whole instead. The Making of the American Essay. For more examples, see Translated book Note 1. Jhumpa Lahiri, In Other Words, trans.
Ann Goldstein New York: Knopf, Lahiri, In Other Words, Bibliography entry Lahiri, Jhumpa. Translated by Ann Goldstein. E-book For books consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database. For other types of e-books, name the format. If no fixed page numbers are available, cite a section title or a chapter or other number in the notes, if any or simply omit.
Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds. University of Chicago Press,chap. Penguin Classics,chap. Austen, Pride and Prejudice, chap. Bibliography entries in alphabetical order Austen, Jane. The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking. University of Chicago Press, Moby-Dick; or, The Whale.
Journal article In a note, cite specific page numbers. In the bibliography, include the page range for the whole article. For articles consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database. Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality.
A Story about Reading. Journal articles often list many authors, especially in the sciences. If there are four or more authors, list up to ten in the bibliography; in a note, list only the first, followed by et al.
For more than ten authors not shown herelist the first seven in the bibliography, followed by et al.Chicago-style source citations come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date.
If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. F. Chicago 1.
Format 2. Creating a Bibliography 3. Inserting Footnotes 4. Common Bibliography and notes entries; IV. Using Sources Home ; Questions about the Stylebook? Contact [email protected] For contrasting examples of each type, see the Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide.
The CMOS footnote system uses superscript numbers. These numbers should be placed at the end of the sentence (or clause) in which the cited material appears. Notes and Bibliography (NB) in Chicago style. a note (endnote or footnote) each time you use a source, whether through a direct quote, paraphrase, or summary.
Footnotes will be added at the end of the page on which the source is referenced, and endnotes will be compiled at the end of each chapter or at the end of the entire document. SAMPLE CHICAGO STYLE PAPER John Doe History Dr. Johnson July 11, Doe 1 There are two types of notes that can be used in a Chicago Style paper: footnotes or endnotes.
Footnotes are notes that are . How to Do Footnotes. Footnotes are powerful tools, they are used to provide ancillary information and also citations in the footer of a page. Most often, editors of books, journals and other media will ask that parenthetical information be included in footnotes as a way to control the prose of the document.