Martin, Susan Abstract This thesis examines the one child policy and how it has impacted the overall family structure, for the purpose of this thesis, mainly the elderly. When the one child policy was introduced by Deng Xiaoping inthe Chinese population was at one billion.
India has experienced extraordinary population growth: India ranks at the bottom of the pyramid in per capita-level consumption indicators not only in energy or electricity but in almost all other relevant per capita-level consumption indicators, despite high rates of growth in the last decade.
Relatively socio-economically advanced Indian states had a fertility rate of less than 2. But in poorer states like Bihar, fertility rates were nearer to 4. But India is not East Asia. Its population density is almost three times the average in East Asia and more than eight times the world average of 45 people per square kilometre.
If India has anywhere near 1. Besides, in terms of infrastructure development India currently is nowhere near where East Asian nations were before their boom. In terms of soft to hard infrastructure, spanning education, healthcare, roads, electricity, housing, employment growth and more, India is visibly strained.
For example, India has an installed energy capacity of little more than gigawatts; China has more than gigawatts and aims to generate gigawatts of clean electricity by To make matters worse, many of the newly installed power stations in India face an acute shortage of coal, and future supply is not guaranteed.
China mines close to four billion tonnes of coal per year, which has a negative effect on both local and global air quality. At some stage, it is probably inevitable that India will need much greater capacity than its present rate of mining million tonnes of coal per year, which is also causing local and global pollution levels to rise — parts of India face air quality problems similar to those in China.
On oil, India imports close to 80 per cent of its crude oil requirements, while it also runs an unsustainable current account deficit of more than 5 per cent of its GDP, and reserves for new energy sources like shale gas do not look promising either.
In —07, the average Indian consumed only 2, calories per day — below the defined poverty line in rural areas of 2, calories a day. The trend in recent years is for Indians to eat even less. So, for India, treating lightly Malthusian predictions about food supply until or beyond may not be prudent.
Worldwide food prices have been on the rise to unforeseen levels, and India too has been suffering from high food inflation.
Finally, even if India manages to feed its burgeoning population, its growth may not be ecologically sustainable. The global demand for water in is projected to be more than 50 per cent of what it was inand demand for food will double.
On average, a thousand tons of water is required to produce one ton of food grains. So have the policy responses been proportional to the gravity of the demographic, ecological and developmental problems facing India?
The probable answer is that policy makers have failed miserably on all measurable counts. If one compares India to China this becomes clear.
There will be ample time for multiple schools to have their post-mortems on the success and failure of the one-child policy, but it has helped China to control its population by a possible million people.attheheels.com Population Pyramids of the World from to WORLD.
Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population) AIDS estimated deaths (UNAIDS estimates) Antiretroviral therapy coverage for PMTCT (% of pregnant women living with HIV).
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Latest environmental news, features and updates. Pictures, video and more. Like the United States, the impacts of global climate change in China are diverse, due to the country's vast size and its drastically different geographies—ranging from extensive mountains, grasslands and deserts to tropical forests and low-lying coastal areas.
Jan 13, · As China prepares to host the winter Olympics in , Nike should see a significant growth in its revenues from the region, with the fitness industry booming and the country showing its .
China’s one-child policy, launched around , led to serious human rights abuses that allowed anti–family planning conservatives to paint all population programs in a negative light. These technologies can dramatically boost productivity—and that could be a crucial capability for China to sustain its future economic growth as the country’s working-age population declines. Automating workplaces with AI could add to percentage points to GDP growth annually, depending on the speed of adoption. attheheels.com Population Pyramids of the World from to WORLD. Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population) AIDS estimated deaths (UNAIDS estimates) Antiretroviral therapy coverage for PMTCT (% of pregnant women living with HIV).
To date, the scale of China’s economy and pace of its development has out-distanced those of its BRIC peers.
China alone contributed more than half of the BRIC countries’ share and greater than 15 percent of the growth in world economic output from to